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Oral Health Services Research Centre

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Postal Address: University Dental School & Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland
Phone number: +353 (0)21 4901210
Website: http://www.ucc.ie/en/ohsrc/
Organisation Type: Academic
Organisation summary: The Oral Health Services Research Centre in UCC was established in 1983. The Centre was established in response to increasing demands for Oral Health Services Research projects from health agencies in Ireland and overseas. These projects seek appropriate policy information for the proper planning of dental services. The Centre works closely with the Department of Health and the Health Services Executive (HSE). It has directed national surveys on the oral health of both children and adults and also carried out surveys for regional health authorities in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. National oral health surveys of adults, children, children with special needs, intellectually disabled adults and the elderly in residential care are among its achievements since 2000. The team has also reviewed aspects of the HSE dental services and analysed patterns of uptake of general dental practitioner services by medical cardholders for the Department of Health. The Centre is currently collaborating with the HSE in an HRB funded collaborative applied research grant, examining the impact of recent policy changes on children’s oral health. Evidence based guideline development is also of interest, and guidelines for the use of topical fluorides in the HSE dental service have been published, along with guidelines on the application of fissure sealants, school screening and caries risk assessment. Many of the professional staff in the Centre contribute to the teaching of Dental Public Health at both undergraduate and postgraduate level in the Dental School. Research interests of the Centre include: design of clinical trials, caries prediction, saliva, enamel fluorosis, tooth wear, water fluoridation, and cost effectiveness of various oral health strategies. The Centre has strong links with the UCC Departments of Epidemiology & Public Health, Statistics, Economics, Bio-chemistry, Chemistry, Microbiology, Applied Social Studies and the Computer Centre whose staff have worked on collaborative projects, and of course with the other departments within the Dental School. The Centre is also collaborating with the HSE Health Intelligence Unit. Research fellows and graduate students are engaged in contract research on behalf of major multinational companies mainly involving product testing, using standardised indices for the measurement of dental plaque, gingivitis, caries, calculus, tooth stain, tooth wear, and dentinal hypersensitivity. There is a well-equipped laboratory used mainly for fluoride analysis of oral health care products, foods, beverages, body fluids and body tissues. The Centre is also active in EU projects and was a participant in the AIM (Advances in Informatics in Medicine) programme. The Oral Health Services Research Centre was the co-ordinating partner for two projects under the EU third and fourth Research and Technological Development programmes, and a collaborating partner under the 5th Framework programme. The OHSRC is a partner in a Horizon 2020 application (Co-ordinating partner is University of Leeds); the consortium was invited to submit a full application following an initial competitive expression of interest stage. A decision is expected in late 2014. The Centre has an international profile and was first designated as a World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for Oral Health Services Research in 1988. It has been re-designated until July 2015 under the following terms of reference: 1) To assist the WHO in establishing national plans for the effective use of water fluoridation for prevention of dental caries. 2) To assist the WHO in development of accurate methods of measuring Enamel Fluorosis, as part of public health programmes. 3) To assist WHO in improving the quality of oral health data collected for national health information systems. 4) To assist WHO Global Health Programme in the development of data tools for improving the effectiveness of Oral Health Systems worldwide. 5) To assist the WHO in building capacity of Oral Health Systems that meet the needs of disadvantaged and poor populations in developing countries. An annual report of OHSRC activities addressing the terms of reference is supplied to WHO.

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Riche Classification

Demography: All , First year of life: , 1-6 months , 7-12 months , 1-4 years , 5-9 years , 10-14 years , 15-18 years , Over 18 years , Infant (first year of life / baby not walking): , Young (pre-school ) child (including those attending Kindergarten / playgroup / child care) , Child (primary school: broadly 5-10 years) , Older child (secondary school: broadly 11-16 years) , Adolescent (under 18 years) , Older youth (18 years and over) ,
Population Groups: Socio-economic status ,
Child Related Topics: Research projects using children as subjects , Health care involving children , Multi-disciplinary researchers , Dentists , Research on children - methodological research , Informed consent , Ethical issues ,
Health issues, determinants and measures: Population , Information , Indicators , Indicator development , Indicators of equity , Indicators of disability and need , Indicators from electronic health records , Lifestyle indicators , Food and nutrition , Nutrition , Diet , Obesity , Oral health , Tobacco , Social determinants , Self Care , Attitudes , Inequalities , Safe water , Fluoride added to water , Chronic disease , Dental decay , Oral health disorders , Health promotion concepts , Research , Screening , Health care resources , Primary care , Health impact assessment , Health strategy , Sensory functions and pain , Oral and Gastrointestinal , Structures involved in voice and speech , Oral and Gastrointestinal ,
Study type / scale / state of progress / setting: Systematic reviews , Randomised controlled trial , Cohort incidence study , Case/control study , Cross sectional study , Longitudinal study - cohort, trend, panel , Descriptive epidemiology survey , Structured interviewing , Content analysis , Health surveillance , Secondary analysis of statistics , Historical comparative analysis. , Evaluation research - of policy or of practice, interventions. , Comparative studies , Data collection , Indicators , Toolkit creation , Unstructured interviews , Observation, and participant observation , Focus group methodology , National , Ongoing , One or more phases completed and published but still ongoing , Completed and published , Professional research , Strategy document , Policy document ,